This is just a reblog of On SQL*Plus Defines directed by SQL*Plus default values for script parameters, so credits go elsewhere. However, it’s such fun to recognize this guy employing the schortcomings of a 1st/2nd generation language such as sqlplus to actually overcome another distressing deficiency which is the lack of optional, at least fixed left-to-right positional command line parameters.
So what Vlad just does is to overwrite the binding value of an unprotected intrinsic variable for command line input transfer. Namely, he knows that command line input bindings like &1 and &2 and so forth will always exist in the runtime realm of the processor and purposeful overwrites one or the other positional binding by declaring a column blabla new_value 1,2,... slots of just the same name. That’s cool stuff, really, since it provides for a default value setting on a missing input. Something, sqlplus does not deliver, according to the manuals.
OTRS does provide agent statistics to show on the dashboard. However, this is not enabled by default, so you’ll have to enable this feature in Admin->SysConfig under the identifier of UseAgentElementInStats first. Go and search for it, as usual, then switch it on.
Save the date to see my presentation about “Oracle Analytic Functions in Practice Applications” along the regular meetup of the DOAG/Oracle-community in Hamburg on Dec 4 2018. Although analytic functions is nothing really new in the Oracle world, I’m again attempting to propagate the thrilling productivity of this SQL-toolset, since practice applications are still not as dispersed as expected. To this extent, I want to stress windowing and aggregation over analytics and statistics in real world scenarios and examples. The presentation will be held in German, I suppose. Event details go here and there:
Flashback version query essentially enables you to lookup the incarnations of a row (defined by primary key) in the past, in a consecutive manner. Version information is depicted by a couple of pseudo-columns, namely versions_xid, versions_startscn, versions_endscn, versions_starttime, versions_endtime and versions_operation. See Using Oracle Flashback Version Query in the docs for explanations.
In combination with flashback query or flashback transaction query, one may restore a row incarnation from the past into a new table or even rollback to a past row incarnation within the same table.
This article will discuss flashback version query together with flashback query to restore one to many rows, just shown for a row of a unique key here for brevity, detailing when and when not to use timestamp and scn select where clauses to prevent pitfalls. An example table / dataset will be given, representing a real world scenario where some past data needs to be identified first and is then to be made available again.
Flashback version query uses the following pattern, including the pseudo-columns introduced above, on an actual application-, but not a system-table (alike flashback transaction query). A timestamp– or scn-range must be supplied to define the lookup window (defined by the stock of the available undo-data, remember) and to actually populate the pseudo-columns, respectively:
Programmatically or intercepted by forced cursor sharing, sql where clause actual values shall always be bound to variable placeholders and never / no longer be literally coded. You know Tom Kyte talking that story on each and every occasion, pointing out that so many sql areas got stuck in size and performance because of literal values and the resulting multitude of variants of sql statements. On the other hand, people complain about the sporadic issue that the optimizer takes wrong decisions due to one-time probing of actual values in a given session, a nightmare in 10g, much improved by adaptive cursor sharing throughout 12c meanwhile. Well, I do not want to dive into this again, what follows is just a commented recipe sql statement to inspect what actual bind values have had been in action for a (potentially) sub-optimal sql execution. Please note, that the STATISTICS_LEVEL initialization parameter takes to be greater than BASIC to have the statement deliver any data.
The statement is neither complex nor long-running, just using two perfomance views v$sql_bind_capture and v$sqlarea, resp. While v$sql_bind_capture provides for the bind names, values, capture state and time, v$sqlarea offers different ways to approach the subject, by schema or sql-id or module etc, and not at least, the raw text of the statement in question.